Increasing immigration in the late 1800s caused many Americans to fear ethic, racial, and linguistic diversity. The patchwork of immigrant communities crowded into growing industrial cities threatened some American's sense of national identity. Calls for immigration restrictions, limits on the employment of foreigners, and the banning of languages other than English in schools were common. In schools for deaf children classes were increasingly taught without signing and oral training was stressed. Deaf adults and children were discouraged from using sign language in public.

Gallaudet University Archives






Oral Education as Emancipation

The Struggle between Natural and Normal

Assimilation Through Spoken English

The Influence of Alexander Graham Bell

A Deaf Variety of the Human Race

Oral Schools

Oral Training in "Signing Schools"

Women in the Classroom

Wired for Sound

Signers Respond

New York School for the Deaf, White Plains


| Home | Formation of a community | Language and Identity | Community Building | Awareness,Access and Change |

  Inquiries regarding this exhibition may be directed to Jean L. Bergey
Project Director Jean L. Bergey
Office of the Provost: (202) 651-5635 V/TTY (202) 651-5704
VP (202) 250-2905
Email to :
Website Designer: Shelby Jia

Copyright © Gallaudet University
800 Florida Avenue NE
Washington DC, 20002-3695